Allergy is a hypersensitivity reaction by our immune system or disorder of the immune system, some harmless foreign substances contact with body that time allergic reaction will occur. Allergic person exposed to allergens, other side the immune system turn on, this leads to allergy. The allergy producing substance is called “allergens”. Allergens are various substances that are harmless to majority of people.
Allergens vary from person to person. Common allergens are dust, pollen, plants, sting, latex, cosmetics (makeup), medicine like antibiotics, milk, egg, shell fish, wheat, and trees viruses, bacteria, environmental conditions, This is the very common allergens in daily life.
Common symptoms of allergy
First stage symptoms of allergy swelling of nasal mucosa, allergic rhinitis, Sneezing, clogged nose, coughing, post nasal drip, itching of eyes, nose, throat, allergic sinusitis, allergic conjunctivitis, rashes in the skin.
Second stage we can see the symptoms like wheezing, dyspnoea, sweating, confusion, swelling of tissues lips, joints, suddenly person will unconscious, this is called anaphylactic shock. This is one of the medical emergencies.
If there is medical emergency call medical emergency number request for an ambulance. Otherwise transfer patient immediately to hospital.
Treatment of allergy
All the time try to avoid the allergens, or reducing the exposure to allergens. Allergic medications like antihistamines can help to reduce the effect of allergy, immune therapy this can increase the tolerance from allergens.
In emergency situation anaphylactic reactions, epinephrine injection is the best way to relief from allergic reaction, and save life.