Dinitrophenol (DNP) Toxic Chemical is Sold mostly over the internet under a number of different names as a weight loss / slimming aid
Dinitrophenol (DNP) is a chemical used in the manufacture of explosives, herbicides, dyes, and wood preservatives. Dinitrophenol (DNP), C6H4N2O5, Dinitrophenol is a yellow, crystalline solid that has a sweet, musty oder. It sublimes when carefully heated and is volatile with steam. The substance contains DNP (2, 4-dinitrophenol), an industrial chemical known to have serious short-term and long-term effects,
In 1933, a researcher a Stanford University discovered that ingestion of DNP caused to rapid weight loss, this is inhibitor of efficient energy (ATP) production in cells with mitochondria. Dinitrophenol weight loss agent with significant toxicity and dangerous to human health with the risk of death. An acute administration of 20–50 mg/kg in humans can be lethal.
In living cells, DNP acts as a proton ionophore, an agent that can shuttle protons (hydrogen cations) across biological membranes. It defeats the proton gradient across mitochondria and chloroplast membranes, collapsing the proton motive force that the cell uses to produce most of its ATP chemical energy. Instead of producing ATP, the energy of the proton gradient is lost as heat.
Dinitrophenol (DNP) can cause acute poisoning
all this possibly leading to coma and death.