Menstrual cramps Or Dysmenorrhoea

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Menstrual cramps Or Dysmenorrhoea

Menstrual pain or Dysmenorrhoea is a cramping sharp pain in a woman’s lower abdomen that occur when her menstrual period begins and may continue for 2-3 days. Most of the women is experiencing this problem. Usually menstrual pain is normal, but excessive pain and it is last for some days is not normal. two types of dysmenorrhoea is there primary and secondary.

Primary dysmenorrhoea

      This is common kind of dysmenorrhoea. Cramps or pain in the lower belly area and/or lower back it will start 1-2 days before your period comes and can last 2-4 days in a normal range. Most of women experiencing the same.

Secondary dysmenorrhoea

          This is the cramps or lower back pain and result of a medical problem such as endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease. In this case some time pain is intolerable.

Causes Dysmenorrhoea.

Menstrual cramps are caused by uterine contractions, uterus tightens and relaxes allowing blood to leave your uterus. The lining of your uterus releases special chemicals called "prostaglandins." These substances can increase the intensity of the contractions, especially if the levels rise. High levels of prostaglandins may also cause nausea, light headache and syncope.

How To Reduce the intensity of menstrual symptoms

diet pattern

· Less sugar, and slightly more protein.
· Diuretic foods such as eggplant, cucumbers and parsley can help
diminish water retention.
· Calcium supplements (1 gram per day) and magnesium (500
milligrams) can help reduce anxiety (always take both).
· Vitamin B-6 (not more than 50 milligrams per day) can alleviate
symptoms of anxiety and tension.
· Vitamins E and C also help reduce the intensity of cramps.

Medicine

For treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea women can take ant prostaglandin drugs or NSAIDs non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, or naproxen. These drugs inhibit synthesis of prostaglandins, lessen the contractions of the uterus and reduce the menstrual flow. These drugs should be started at the onset of bleeding to avoid inadvertent use during early pregnancy and taken for 2-3 days.
In extreme cases, excessive pain and severe bleeding, check with a doctor and get treatment.

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