Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) this viral respiratory infection with symptoms of fever, cough, and shortness of breath.  Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), also termed EMC/2012 ( HCoV-EMC/2012), is positive-sense, single-stranded RNA novel species of the genus Betacoronavirus. First called Novel coronavirus or novel coronavirus, it was first reported in 2012 in Saudi Arabia. So far, all the cases have been linked to most of all countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula , including Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, Malaysia, Jordan, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Tunisia, and the Philippines . This virus has spread from ill people to others through close contact. However, the virus has not shown to spread in a sustained way in communities. The situation is still evolving.


The name for this virus came from the Coronavirus Study Group (CSG) of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) decided in May 2013 to call the novel coronavirus “Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus” (MERS-CoV) . The first confirmed case was reported in a 60-year-old male patient with acute pneumonia and acute renal failure, who passed away in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia on 24 June 2012

where the virus came from ?

This came from an animal source. In addition to humans, MERS-CoV has been found in camels in Qatar and a bat in Saudi Arabia. Camels in a few other countries have also tested positive for antibodies to MERS-CoV, indicating they were previously infected with MERS-CoV or a closely related virus. However, we don’t know whether camels are the source of the virus. More information is needed to identify the possible role that camels, bats, and other animals may play in the transmission of MERS-CoV.

How to Get Protect From This virus ?


  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds, and help young children do the same. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze then throw the tissue in the trash
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid close contact, such as kissing, sharing cups, or sharing eating utensils, with sick people.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as toys and doorknobs.


No specific treatment is there up to now ……

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