The First Fully Artificial Heart Successfully Implanted In France
The artificial heart successfully implanted in a 75-year-old French man for the first time. This artificial heart may give patients up to five years of extra life. This artificial heart roughly the same size as a real heart and imitates its functions exactly. Heart weighs 900g. Electrical sensors and microprocessors monitor the demands of the body for blood and adjust the operation of the heart accordingly.
This artificial Heart constructed by a French medical engineering company, Carmat, and transplanted into a patient by two surgeons in a French hospital. The transplantation surgery 10-hour operation. This artificial heart Start to beat faster, just like a real one. Professor Alain Carpentier, the inventor of the world’s first fully artificial, self-regulating heart.
The heart that was put into the patient at Georges Pompidou Hospital in Paris uses a range of “bio-materials”, including bovine tissue, to reduce the risk of the body rejecting it . This device is intended to replace a real heart for as many as five years, unlike previous artificial hearts that were created mainly for temporary use.
Doctors said the patient who received the device developed by Dutch-based European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company (EADS) was awake and responding well after the operation. The device mimics heart muscle contractions and contains sensors that adapt the blood flow to the patient’s moves. The cost of a Carpentier artificial heart is estimated at £100,000 to £135.