what is chickenpox ? chickenpox vaccine and it’s home remedies
An infectious disease of childhood with an incubation period of 12-20 days. Chickenpox is caused by a virus –varicella zoster virus. A child or adult with chickenpox may develop hundreds of itchy, fluid filled blisters that burst and form crusts. Chickenpox is an airborne disease spread easily through coughing or sneezing of ill individuals or through direct contact with secretions from the rash. A person with chickenpox is infectious one to two days before the rash appears. They remain contagious until all lesions have crusted over (this takes approximately six days). Immunocompromised patients are contagious during the entire period as new lesions keep appearing. Crusted lesions are not contagious.
Signs and symptoms:
- Slight fever (for 1or 2days )
- An eruption of transparent vesicles on the chest on the first day of the disease, then that may spread to all over the body.
- Small, liquid filled blisters that break open and crust over.
- General feeling of discomfort (malaise) or irritability.
- Mild headache.
- Loss of appetite.
In severe cases, the rash can spread to cover the entire body, and lesions may form in the throat, eyes, and mucous membranes of the urethra, anus and vagina.
Varicella infection in pregnant women could lead to viral transmission via the placenta and infection of the fetus. If infection occurs during the first 28 weeks of gestation, this can lead to fetal varicella syndrome. Effects on the fetus can range in severity from underdeveloped toes and fingers to severe anal and bladder malformation.
Possible problems include: Damage to brain, body and eye, Other neurological disorder, skin disorders etc.
- Hygiene measures.
The spread of chickenpox can be prevented by isolating affected individuals.
A person who already took the vaccine is more likely to have only a few chickenpoxes.
Brand Names: Varivax, Zostavax, varilrix (subcutaneous route )vaccine.
Who should receive this vaccine?
Children should receive two doses of the traditional chickenpox vaccine.
- The first dose should be given when the child is 12 – 15 months old.
- A second dose should be given when they are 4 – 6 years old. This second dose can be given before age 4, as long as 3 months have passed since the first dose.
- People 13 and older who have not received the vaccine and who have not had chickenpox should get two doses, 4 to 8 weeks apart.
- People 13 and older who have had a previous dose and who have not had chickenpox should receive a second dose.
Home remedies for chickenpox
ü Don’t scratch
Scratching can cause scarring, slow down the healing process and increase the risk that the sores will become infected. If your child can’t seem to stop scratching. Put gloves on his or her hands, especially at night. Trim his or her fingernails
ü Relieve the itch and other symptoms
The chickenpox rash can be very itchy, and broken vesicles sometimes sting. These discomforts, along with fever, headache and fatigue, can make anyone miserable.
ü A cool bath with added baking soda, uncooked oatmeal or colloidal oatmeal — a finely ground oatmeal that is made for the tub, not the stove.
ü Neem leaves are also good in relieving the itching of the rashes. Add neem leaves in the warm water and have bath with this water.
ü Add half cup of apple cider vinegar to bathtub filled with warm water and have bath.
ü Apply vitamin E oil over the rashes once the rashes become dry.
ü Carrots are also very effective in chicken pox. Eat boiled carrots and boiled coriander for getting relief from the weakness caused by chicken pox. You can also prepare a soup combining carrots and coriander.
ü Prepare tea form basil, marigold and chamomile, and then add honey, lemon or cinnamon to it. Drink this tea many times throughout the day.
ü Cook green peas in pressure and use that water to clean the body part that has got rashes.
ü Apply any talcum powder if the itching is unbearable but don’t scratch the rashes with nails.
ü Applying honey over the rashes is also very good for healing the rashes fast and curing chickenpox. One of the very effective home remedies for chickenpox is to apply lots of honey over the rashes.
ü Your diet should be proper too with lots of vegetables and fruits. Avoid spicy and oily food as this may aggravate the situation and prolong the duration of chickenpox.
ü You will also need to stay away from the crowd. For this purpose take proper bed rest. Keep your vessels and clothes separate so that the disease doesn’t spread to other members of your family.
ü Calamine lotion dabbed on the spots.